Faculty Profile

Orfeu M. Buxton, PhD

Orfeu Buxton, PhD
Lecturer on Medicine, Harvard Medical School
Associate Neuroscientist, Division of Sleep and Circadian Disorders, Departments of Medicine and Neurology, Brigham and Women's Hospital
Adjunct Associate Professor, Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health

Other Affiliation(s)

See publications


221 Longwood Ave, Suite BLI-438
Boston, MA 02115

Inter-office Mail Address

BWH Division of Sleep and Circadian Disorders, BLI-438

Fax 617-507-9177

Email Orfeu_Buxton@hms.harvard.edu
Email Orfeu@PSU.edu

Research Unit(s)

Circadian Group,
Division of Sleep Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital
Medical Chronobiology Program, Brigham and Women's Hospital

Research Interests

The causes of sleep deficiency (insufficient duration or inadequate sleep quality) in the workplace, home, and society.
The health consequences of sleep deficiency, especially cardiometabolic outcomes, and the physiologic and social mechanisms by which these outcomes arise.

Click here to read a brief biography of Dr. Buxton


Megan Kunz, MS, MD 2003-2004
Julian Thomas, HMS student, summer 2009
Katrine Bryne, undergraduate, 2010-2011
Cassandra Okechukwu, MSN, ScD, Assistant Professor, HSPH, 2011-2013
Shakir McLean, Brown Medical School student, summer 2012
Angela Bermúdez-Millán, Ph.D., M.P.H. / Research Instructor, U. Conn. Health Center, 2013-2015
Nina Vujovic, PhD/post-doctoral scholar, 2014-2017
Mike Strayer, Neuroscience graduate student (Penn State), 2014-present
Nancy Sin, Biobehavioral Health post-doctoral scholar (Penn State), 2014-2015
Soomi Lee, Biobehavioral Health post-doctoral scholar (Penn State), 2015-present



Research Funding


P01 AG009975-16      Czeisler (PI)      2013-2018
“Sleep, Aging, and Circadian Sleep Disorders”
Project 1: “Recurrent circadian disruption & pancreatic β-cell responsiveness in older people”
This Project will contribute to understanding the distinct metabolic risks from circadian disruption, laying the groundwork for research designed to develop therapies targeted to reduce the risk of obesity, metabolic syndrome and diabetes, and enhance the health and quality of life of older Americans whose circadian rhythms are disrupted by age-related changes, irregular schedules, and/or night shift work.
Project 2: “Adverse metabolic impact of sleep loss in older adults: insulin resistance”
This Project will contribute to understanding the mechanisms by which sleep loss impairs metabolism in older adults, contributing to future research to reduce the risk of diabetes, improve existing therapies, and enhance the health and quality of life of older Americans whose sleep is insufficient.
Roles: Project leader (Project 2) 2013-2015; Co-Investigator (Project 2) 2015-current: Co-Investigator (Project 1)

R01 HD073352      Hale (PI)      2013-2018
“Biopsychosocial determinants of sleep and wellbeing for teens in Fragile Families”
This study investigates the biopsychosocial and genetic determinants of adolescent sleep, and the extent to which differential sleep patterns and behaviors during childhood contribute to differences in obesity and cardiometabolic risk using the Fragile Families Study (FFS). The FFS is a national birth cohort study of health and development of children, with data collected at birth and ages 1, 3, 5, and 9, and, with recent NIH funding to locate and interview youths and mothers when the adolescents are age 15 (n~3,600). As an ancillary study to the parent FFS age 15 survey, this study aims to study adolescent physical activity and sleep and social/contextual predictors of these behaviors.
Role: Subcontract Principal Investigator

R01 HL107240     Buxton (PI)     2011-2016    
"Evaluating cardiometabolic and sleep health benefits of a workplace intervention"
Although the prevalence of “family-friendly” or “work-life” policies in U.S. workplaces has increased dramatically in recent years, few longitudinal experiments have evaluated the effects of work-family interventions on employee health outcomes.  The Work, Family and Health Study is an ongoing, randomized, controlled trial of an innovative workplace intervention to improve employee health. This Ancillary Study adds objective health outcomes in mid-level managers, a focus of the intervention, to evaluate the effects of this workplace intervention on managers' cardiometabolic and sleep health, and represents a unique opportunity to study the multi-level factors influencing health in the workplace.
Role: PI
Social Science Research Institute, Penn State, pilot grant 2014-2016 
“Female growth and development study 30-year follow up”
The lack of prospective longitudinal study has severely limited knowledge about specific mechanisms by which sexual abuse impinges on development over the life course. Studies of victims rarely span multiple developmental stages making it difficult to discern optimal intervention windows and developmental discordances that can impact adulthood competencies. The previous six timepoints have been collected and this study will focus on timepoints 7-8 which extend into the participants 30s and 40s and test the relative impact of early maldevelopment on later adulthood functioning. Capitalizing on the adulthood period affords inquiry into key outcomes (such as physical health outcomes and adulthood autonomy) that were not fully detectable earlier in development.
 Role: Co-Investigator (Noll, PI)

Penn State University, Clinical and Translational Science Institute (CTSI) 2015-2016
“Complex interactions of behavior, genes, and environment in the multi-system characterization of the effects of sleep loss on health, cardio-metabolic disease risk, cognition, and the epigenome"
Role: Co-Investigator (Chang, PI)

NIH/NIMH     1R01DK103663  (Wagner, PI) 2015-2020
“Lifestyle & medication management to lower diabetes risk in severe mental illness”          
Serious mental illness (SMI), including chronic depression and post-traumatic stress disorder, are known risk factors for type 2 diabetes.
Role: Subcontract Principal Investigator

NIH/NIA UH2 AG052167 (Almeida, Smyth, mPIs)  2015-2020    
“Everyday Stress Response Targets in the Science of Behavior                    
The overarching goal of this project is to use an experimental medicine approach to develop an efficient, ecologically valid, within-person approach to measuring and intervening on the deleterious effects of everyday stress on meeting recommended levels of two
Role: Co-Investigator



2009 Science B-23, "The Human Organism," Section entitled "Sleep, Health and Success" Harvard University, Cambridge MA

2010 Science B-23, "The Human Organism," Section entitled "Sleep, Health and Success" Harvard University, Cambridge MA
(2010 Harvard University Certificate of Distinction in Teaching)

2011 SLS-17 (Formerly Science B-23),
"The Human Organism," Section entitled "Sleep, Health and Success"
Harvard University, Cambridge MA
(2011 Harvard University Certificate of Distinction in Teaching)

2012 SLS-17 "The Human Organism," Section entitled "Sleep, Health and Success"
Harvard University, Cambridge MA

2012 “Causes and Consequences of Sleep Deficiency,” Epidemiology Seminar Series, Department of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health,   Boston MA

2013 SLS-17 "The Human Organism," Section entitled "Sleep, Health and Success"
Harvard University, Cambridge MA

2015, 2016 "Biobehavioral Health 101", Penn State University

2017 "Biobehavioral Aspects of Sleep", Penn State University

2017 "Biobehavioral Health 101 (Honors)", Penn State University

Brief Biography
Dr. Buxton’s research primarily focuses on 1) the causes of chronic sleep deficiency in the workplace, home, and society, and 2) the health consequences of chronic sleep deficiency, especially cardiometabolic outcomes, and the physiologic and social mechanisms by which these outcomes arise. Successful aging is a central focus of this work. Ongoing interdisciplinary human studies involve sleep loss, aging, and insomnia, as well as health disparities.

Dr. Buxton serves on the External Advisory Board for the Harvard School of Public Health Center for Work, Health, and Well-being. Dr. Buxton is a member of the Work, Family, and Health Network, co-chairs the Steering Committee, and leads the Biomarker and Actigraphy Data Coordinating Center (BADCC) for the Work, Family, and Health Study, and the Fragile Families Study, among others.

After earning a B.S. in Behavioral Neuroscience from the University of Pittsburgh and a stint as a small business owner, Dr. Buxton earned a doctoral degree in Neuroscience from Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois, working with Professors Eve Van Cauter and Fred Turek. He obtained post-doctoral training in sleep and endocrinology with Dr. Van Cauter at the University of Chicago.

Dr. Buxton co-founded the National Postdoctoral Association, a member-driven organization that provides a unique, national voice for postdoctoral scholars.

In the News
NY Times: "Ask an Expert: Advice for Boomers Concerned About Sleep Deficiency” Parts 1-3
Scientific American: "Night Noise: What a Sleeping Brain Hears"
NIOSH Science Blog: "Sleep, Pain, and Hospital Workers"
NBC Nightly News: "Shift workers may be prone to diabetes" (Video)
New York Times: "The Clatter of the Hospital Room"
Wall Street Journal: "Cutting the Cost of Cacophony in Hospitals"
Press Release: "Brain rhythm predicts ability to sleep through a noisy night"
HealthDay: "Sleep Plays Important Role in Cardiometabolic Disease Risk"
Reuters: "Adequate sleep tied to healthier diets in truckers"
BWH News Brief: "Sleep and insulin sensitivity"
Ignites.com: "People Feature: You Snooze, You Win?"
Science Careers: "NPA Founders Find Success"

Selected Publications

Orfeu M. Buxton, Samuel A. Frank, Mireille L'Hermite-Balériaux, Rachel Leproult, Fred W. Turek, and Eve Van Cauter.  Roles of intensity and duration of nocturnal exercise in causing phase delays of human circadian rhythms.  Amer J Physiol 1997; 273(36): E536-42. PMID: 9316443; PMCID: In progress.

Rachel Leproult, Georges Copinschi, Orfeu Buxton, and Eve Van Cauter. Sleep loss results in an elevation of cortisol levels the next evening.  Sleep 1997; 20(10): 865-70. PMID: 9415946; PMCID: In progress.

André J. Scheen, Orfeu M. Buxton, Maria Jison, Olivier Van Reeth, Rachel Leproult, Mireille L'Hermite-Balériaux, Eve Van Cauter.  Effects of exercise on neuroendocrine secretion and glucose regulation at different times of day.  Amer J Physiol 1998; 274(37): E1040-9. PMID: 9611154. PMCID: In progress.

Erik Naylor, Orfeu M. Buxton, Bernard M. Bergmann, Amy Easton, Phyllis C. Zee, Fred W. Turek.  Effects of aging on sleep in the golden hamster.  Sleep 1998; 21(7): 687-93. PMID: 11286344. PMCID: In progress.

Orfeu M. Buxton, Mireille L'Hermite-Balériaux, Fred W. Turek, and Eve Van Cauter.  Daytime naps in darkness phase shift the human circadian rhythms of melatonin and thyrotropin secretion.  Amer J Physiol 2000; 278(2): R373-82. PMID: 10666138. PMCID: In progress.

Veronica S. Valentinuzzi, Orfeu M. Buxton, Anne-Marie Chang, Kathryn Scarbrough, Elenice A. M. Ferrari, Joseph S. Takahashi, Fred W. Turek.  Locomotor response to an openfield during C57BL/6J active and inactive phases: differences dependent on conditions of illumination. Physiol Behav 2000; 69(3): 269-75. PMID: 10869592. PMCID: In progress.

Teresa H. Horton, Orfeu M. Buxton, Susan Losee-Olson, Fred W. Turek.  Twenty-four-hour profiles of serum leptin in Siberian and golden hamsters: Photoperiodic and diurnal variations.  Horm Behav 2000; 37(4): 388-98. PMID: 10860682. PMCID: In progress.

Orfeu M. Buxton, Georges Copinschi, Anne Van Onderbergen, Eve Van Cauter.  A benzodiazepine hypnotic facilitates adaptation of human circadian rhythms and sleep-wake homeostasis to an eight hour delay shift simulating westward jet lag. Sleep 2000; 23(7), 915-27. PMID: 11083601; PMCID: In progress.

Jennifer Cunningham, Orfeu M. Buxton, Roy Weiss.  Circadian variation in Cushing's disease and pseudo-Cushing's states by analysis of cortisol (F) and adrenocorticotropin (ACTH) pulsatility.  J Endocrinol Invest 2002; 25(9): 791-9. PMID: 12398238. PMCID: In progress.

Orfeu M. Buxton, Calvin W. Lee, Mireille L'Hermite-Balériaux, Fred W. Turek, and Eve Van Cauter.  Exercise elicits phase shifts and acute alterations of melatonin levels that vary with circadian phase. Amer J Physiol 2003; 284(3):R714-R724. PMID: 12571075. PMCID: In progress.

John W. Winkelman, Orfeu M. Buxton, J. Eric Jensen, Kathleen L. Benson, Shawn P. O’Connor, Wei Wang, and Perry F. Renshaw.  Reduced brain GABA in primary insomnia: preliminary data from 4T proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H-MRS). Sleep. 2008 Nov;31(11):1499-506. PMID: 19014069; PMCID: PMC2579978.

Orfeu M. Buxton, Keith Malarick, Wei Wang, Teresa Seeman.  Changes in dried blood spot Hb A1c with varied postcollection conditions. Clin Chem. 2009 May;55(5):1034-6. PMID: 19299546; PMCID: PMC2925185.

Orfeu M Buxton, Lisa Quintiliani, May Yang, Cara Ebbeling, Anne Stoddard, Lesley Pereira, Glorian Sorensen.  Association of sleep adequacy with more healthful food choices and positive workplace experiences among motor freight workers. Am J Public Health. 2009 Nov;99 Suppl 3:S636-43. PMID: 19890169; PMCID: PMC2774168.

Antonia Omisade, Orfeu M Buxton, Benjamin Rusak. Impact of acute sleep restriction on cortisol and leptin levels in young women. Physiol Behav. 2010 Apr 19;99(5):651-6. PMID: 20138072. PMCID: In progress.

John W Winkelman, Kathleen L Benson, Orfeu M Buxton, In Kyoon Lyoo, Sujung Yoon, Shawn O’Connor, Perry F Renshaw. Lack of hippocampal volume differences in primary insomnia and good sleeper controls: An MRI volumetric study at 3 Tesla. Sleep Med, 2010 May 11. PMID: 20466585. PMCID: In progress.

Orfeu M Buxton and Enrico Marcelli. Short and Long Sleep Are Positively Associated with Obesity, Diabetes, Hypertension, and Cardiovascular Disease among Adults in the United States. Social Science & Medicine 2010 Sep;71(5):1027-36. Epub 2010 Jun 16. PMID:20621406; PMCID: In progress. Selected for “Best of Sleep Medicine” 2011.

Orfeu M Buxton, Pavlova Milena, Emily Reid, Wei Wang, Donald C Simonson, Gail K Adler.  Sleep restriction for 1 week reduces insulin sensitivity in healthy men. Diabetes. 2010 Sep;59(9):2126-33. Epub 2010 Jun 28. PMID: 20585000; PMCID: PMC2927933. Selected for “Best of Sleep Medicine” 2011.

Lisa Berkman, Orfeu M Buxton, Karen Ertel, Cassandra Okechukwu.  Managers' practices related to work-family balance predict employee cardiovascular risk and sleep duration in extended care settings. J Occup Health Psychol. 2010 Jul;15(3):316-29. PMID: 20604637; PMCID: PMC3526833.

Thien Thanh Dang-Vu, Scott M McKinney, Orfeu M Buxton, Joanne M Solet, and Jeffrey M Ellenbogen. Spontaneous brain rhythms predict sleep stability in the face of noise. Current Biology 2010 Aug 10;20(15):R626-R627. PMID: 20692606. PMCID: In progress.

Scott M. McKinney, Thien Thanh Dang-Vu, Orfeu M Buxton, Jo M Solet, and Jeffrey M Ellenbogen. Covert waking brain activity reveals instantaneous sleep depth. PLoS One. 2011 Mar 3;6(3):e17351. PMID: 21408616; PMCID: PMC3048302.

Glorian Sorensen, Anne Stoddard, Sonja Stoffel, Orfeu M Buxton, Grace Sembajwe, Dean Hashimoto, Jack Dennerlein, Karen Hopcia.  The Role of the Work Context in Multiple Wellness Outcomes for Hospital Patient Care Workers. J Occup Environ Med. 2011 Aug; 53(8):899-910. PMID: 21775897. PMCID: PMC3693572.
David Hurtado, Erika Sabbath, Karen Ertel, Orfeu M Buxton, and Lisa F Berkman. Racial disparities in job strain among American and immigrant long-term care workers. Int Nurs Rev. 2012 Jun;59(2):237-44. Epub 2011 Dec 7.PMID: 22591096; PMCID: PMC3622248.
Orfeu M Buxton, Sean W Cain, Shawn P O’Connor, James H Porter, Jeanne F Duffy, Wei Wang, Charles A Czeisler, Steven A Shea. Adverse metabolic consequences in humans of prolonged sleep restriction combined with circadian disruption. Sci Transl Med. 2012 Apr 11;4(129):129ra43. PMID: 22496545; PMCID: PMC3678519.
Orfeu M Buxton,* Jeffrey M Ellenbogen,* Wei Wang,  Andy Carballeira, Shawn P O’Connor, Dan Cooper, Scott McKinney, Jo M Solet. Sleep Disruption Due to Hospital Noises: A Prospective Evaluation. Ann Intern Med. 2012 Jun 11. [Epub ahead of print] PMID:    22868834; PMCID: In progress (*: equal first authorship roles).

Orfeu M Buxton, Karen Hopcia, Grace Sembajwe, James H Porter, Jack Dennerlein, Christopher Kenwood, Anne Stoddard, Dean Hashimoto, Glorian Sorensen. Relationship of sleep deficiency to perceived pain and functional limitations in hospital patient care workers. J Occup Environ Med. 2012 Jul;54(7):851-8. PMID: 22796931; PMCID: PMC3720240.

Seung-Sup Kim, Cassandra Okechukwu, Orfeu M. Buxton, Jack T. Dennerlein, Leslie I. Boden, Dean M. Hashimoto, Glorian Sorensen. Association between work-family conflict and musculoskeletal pain among hospital patient care workers. Am J Ind Med. 2013 Apr;56(4):488-95. Epub 2012 Sep 27. PMID: 23019044; PMCID: In progress.

Bray, J. W., Kelly, E. L., Hammer, L. B., Almeida D. M., Dearing, J. W., King. R. B., & Buxton, O. M. (2013). An integrative, multilevel, and transdisciplinary research approach to challenges of work, family, and health. RTI Press publication No. MR-0024-1303. Research Triangle Park, NC: RTI Press. PMID: 24618878; PMCID: PMC3947908. http://www.rti.org/publications/rtipress.cfm?pubid=20777

David G. Harper, David T. Plante, J. Eric Jensen, Kathleen L. Benson, Shawn P. O’Connor, Orfeu M. Buxton, Perry F. Renshaw, John W. Winkelman. Energetic and cell membrane metabolic products in patients with primary insomnia: a 31-phosphorus magnetic resonance spectroscopy study at 4 tesla. Sleep. 2013 Apr 1;36(4):493-500. PMID: 23564996; PMCID: PMC3612248. doi: 10.5665/sleep.2530.

Michael A. Grandner, Orfeu M. Buxton, Nicholas Jackson, Megan Sands, Abhishek Pandey, and Girardin Jean-Louis. Extreme sleep durations and increased C-reactive protein: effects of sex and ethnoracial group. Sleep. 2013 May 1;36(5):769-79. PMID: 23633760; PMCID: PMC3624831. doi: 10.5665/sleep.2646.

John W Winkelman, David T Plante, Laura Schoerning, Kathleen L Benson, Orfeu M Buxton, Shawn P. O’Connor, Eric Jensen, Perry Renshaw, Atilla Gonenc. Increased Rostral Anterior Cingulate Cortex Volume in Two Independent Groups with Primary Insomnia. Sleep. 2013 Jul 1;36(7):991-998. PMID: 23814335; PMCID: PMC3669070.

John H. Kingsbury, Orfeu M. Buxton, Karen M. Emmons, Susan Redline. Sleep and its Relationship to Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Cardiovascular Disease. Current Cardiovascular Risk Reports. August, 2013. PMID: 24244756; PMCID: PMC3824366. DOI: 10.1007/s12170-013-0330-0. Download from Springer

Miguel Marino, Yi Li, Michael N Rueschman, John W. Winkelman, Jeffrey M. Ellenbogen, Jo M. Solet, Hilary Dulin Lisa Berkman, Orfeu M. Buxton. Measuring Sleep: Accuracy, Sensitivity, and Specificity of Wrist Actigraphy Compared to Polysomnography. SLEEP 2013;36(11):1747-1755. PMID: 24179309; PMCID: In progress. doi: 10.5665/sleep.3142.

Laura F. Sandoval, Karen Huang, Jenna O’Neill, Cheryl J. Gustafson, Emily Hix, Jessica Harrison, Adele Clark, Orfeu M. Buxton, and Steven R. Feldman. Measure of atopic dermatitis disease severity using actigraphy. J Cutan Med Surg. 2014; 18:49-55. PMID: 24377474; PMCID: In progress.

Ostler, M. W., Porter, J. H., Buxton, O. M. Dried Blood Spot Collection of Health Biomarkers to Maximize Participation in Population Studies. J. Vis. Exp. 2014 Jan 28;(83). PMID: 24513728; PMCID: In progress. doi: 10.3791/50973.

Gustafson CJ, O'Neill J, Hix E, McLaren DT, Buxton OM, Feldman SR. Feasibility of actigraphy wristband monitoring of atopic dermatitis in children. Skin Res Technol. 2014 Feb 13. doi: 10.1111/srt.12147. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 24521349.

Nelson CC, Wagner GR, Caban-Martinez AJ, Buxton OM, Kenwood CT, Sabbath EL, Hashimoto DM, Hopcia K, Allen J, Sorensen G. Physical activity and body mass index: the contribution of age and workplace characteristics. Am J Prev Med. 2014 Mar;46(3 Suppl 1):S42-51. doi: 10.1016/j.amepre.2013.10.035. PMID: 24512930; PMCID: PMC4007484.

Crain TL, Hammer LB, Bodner T, Kossek EE, Moen P, Lilienthal R, Buxton OM. Work-family conflict, family-supportive supervisor behaviors (FSSB), and sleep outcomes. J Occup Health Psychol. 2014 Apr;19(2):155-67. doi: 10.1037/a0036010. PMID: 24730425; PMCID: In progress.

Jacobsen HB, Reme SE, Sembajwe G, Hopcia K, Stiles TC, Sorensen G, Porter JH, Marino M, Buxton OM. Work stress, sleep deficiency, and predicted 10-year cardiometabolic risk in a female patient care worker population. Am J Ind Med. 2014 May 8. doi: 10.1002/ajim.22340. [Epub ahead of print]. PMID: 24809311; PMCID: In progress.

Marino M, Li Y, Pencina MJ, D'Agostino RB Sr, Berkman LF, Buxton OM. Quantifying cardiometabolic risk using modifiable non-self-reported risk factors. Am J Prev Med. 2014 Aug;47(2):131-40. doi: 10.1016/j.amepre.2014.03.006. Epub 2014 Jun 17. PubMed PMID: 24951039; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4107093.

Henrik Borsting Jacobsen, Silje Endresen Reme, Grace Sembawje, Karen Hopcia, Anne Stoddard, Christopher Kenwood, Tore C. Stiles, Glorian Sorensen, Orfeu M. Buxton. Work-family conflict, psychological distress, and sleep deficiency among patient care workers. Workplace Health Saf. 2014 Jul;62(7):282-91. doi: 10.3928/21650799-20140617-04. PMID: 25000547. [PubMed - in process]

Hurtado DA, Berkman LF, Buxton OM, Okechukwu CA. Schedule Control and Nursing Home Quality: Exploratory Evidence of a Psychosocial Predictor of Resident Care. J Appl Gerontol. 2014 Sep 2. pii: 0733464814546895. PMID: 25186313 http://jag.sagepub.com/cgi/reprint/0733464814546895v1.pdf?ijkey=TL52S5GH0aWzw2a&keytype=ref

Lawson, Katie M., Davis, Kelly D., McHale, Susan M., Hammer, Leslie B., Buxton, Orfeu M. Daily Positive Spillover and Crossover From Mothers’ Work to Youth Health. Journal of Family Psychology, Sep 22, 2014. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/fam0000028. PMID: 25243577

Ryan Olson Tori L. Crain, Todd E. Bodner, Rosalind King, Leslie Hammer, Laura Klein, Leslie Erickson, Phyllis Moen, and Lisa Berkman, Orfeu M. Buxton. A workplace intervention improves actigraphic sleep duration in a randomized, controlled trial: Results from the Work, Family, and Health Network Study. WFHN#F10. Sleep Health 2015, 1(1)15-27.

Orfeu Buxton, Anne-Marie Chang, James C. Spilsbury, Taylor Bos, Helene Emsellem, Kristen L. Knutson. Sleep in the Modern Family: Protective family routines for child and adolescent sleep. Sleep Health 2015, 1(1)15-27.

Moen P, Kaduk A, Kossek EE, Hammer L, Buxton OM, O'Donnell E, Almeida D, Fox K, Tranby E, Oakes JM, Casper L. Is work-family conflict a multilevel stressor linking job conditions to mental health? Evidence from the work, family and health network. Res Sociol Work. 2015;26:177-217. PubMed PMID: 25866431; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4389766.

Morris CJ, Yang JN, Garcia JI, Myers S, Bozzi I, Wang W, Buxton OM, Shea SA, Scheer FA. Endogenous circadian system and circadian misalignment impact glucose tolerance via separate mechanisms in humans. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2015 Apr 28;112(17):E2225-34. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1418955112. Epub 2015 Apr 13. PubMed PMID: 25870289; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4418873.

Consensus Conference Panel, Watson NF, Badr MS, Belenky G, Bliwise DL, Buxton OM, Buysse D, Dinges DF, Gangwisch J, Grandner MA, Kushida C, Malhotra RK, Martin JL, Patel SR, Quan SF, Tasali E; Non-Participating Observers, Twery M, Croft JB, Maher E; American Academy of Sleep Medicine Staff, Barrett JA, Thomas SM, Heald JL. Recommended Amount of Sleep for a Healthy Adult: A Joint Consensus Statement of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine and Sleep Research Society. J Clin Sleep Med. 2015 Jun 15;11(6):591-2. doi: 10.5664/jcsm.4758. PubMed PMID: 25979105; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4442216.

Watson NF, Badr MS, Belenky G, Bliwise DL, Buxton OM, Buysse D, Dinges DF, Gangwisch J, Grandner MA, Kushida C, Malhotra RK, Martin JL, Patel SR, Quan SF, Tasali E. Recommended Amount of Sleep for a Healthy Adult: A Joint Consensus Statement of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine and Sleep Research Society. Sleep. 2015 Jun 1;38(6):843-4. doi: 10.5665/sleep.4716. PubMed PMID: 26039963; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4434546.

Consensus Conference Panel, Watson NF, Badr MS, Belenky G, Bliwise DL, Buxton OM, Buysse D, Dinges DF, Gangwisch J, Grandner MA, Kushida C, Malhotra RK, Martin JL, Patel SR, Quan SF, Tasali E. Joint Consensus Statement of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine and Sleep Research Society on the Recommended Amount of Sleep for a Healthy Adult: Methodology and Discussion. J Clin Sleep Med. 2015 Aug 15;11(8):931-52. doi: 10.5664/jcsm.4950. PubMed PMID: 26235159; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4513271.

Watson NF, Badr MS, Belenky G, Bliwise DL, Buxton OM, Buysse D, Dinges DF, Gangwisch J, Grandner MA, Kushida C, Malhotra RK, Martin JL, Patel SR, Quan SF, Tasali E. Joint Consensus Statement of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine and Sleep Research Society on the Recommended Amount of Sleep for a Healthy Adult: Methodology and Discussion. Sleep. 2015 Aug 1;38(8):1161-83. doi: 10.5665/sleep.4886. PubMed PMID: 26194576; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4507722.

Berkman LF, Liu SY, Hammer L, Moen P, Klein LC, Kelly E, Fay M, Davis K, Durham M, Karuntzos G, Buxton OM. Work-family conflict, cardiometabolic risk, and sleep duration in nursing employees. J Occup Health Psychol. 2015 Oct;20(4):420-33. doi: 10.1037/a0039143. Epub 2015 May 11. PubMed PMID: 25961758; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4586296.

McHale SM, Lawson KM, Davis KD, Casper L, Kelly EL, Buxton O. Effects of a workplace intervention on sleep in employees' children. J Adolesc Health. 2015 Jun;56(6):672-7. doi: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2015.02.014. PubMed PMID: 26003584; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4452377.

Hammer LB, Johnson RC, Crain TL, Bodner T, Kossek EE, Davis KD, Kelly EL, Buxton OM, Karuntzos G, Chosewood LC, Berkman L. Intervention effects on safety compliance and citizenship behaviors: Evidence from the work, family, and health study. J Appl Psychol. 2016 Feb;101(2):190-208. doi: 10.1037/apl0000047. Epub 2015 Sep 7. PubMed PMID: 26348479; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4564872.

Leslie K. Erickson, Frank J. Mierzwa, Sarah K. With, Georgia T. Karuntzos, Kimberly E. Fox, Susan M. McHale, Orfeu M. Buxton. Implementation Strategies for Workplace Data Collection: A Case Study. Survey Practice. 8 (4) 2015. ISSN: 2168-0094

Samuelsson LB, Hall MH, McLean S, Porter JH, Berkman L, Marino M, Sembajwe G, McDade TW, Buxton OM. Validation of Biomarkers of CVD Risk from Dried Blood Spots in Community-Based Research: Methodologies and Study-Specific Serum Equivalencies. Biodemography Soc Biol. 2015;61(3):285-97. doi:10.1080/19485565.2015.1068105. PubMed PMID: 26652683.

Mirja Quante, Emily R. Kaplan, Michael Rueschman, Mike Cailler, Orfeu M. Buxton, Susan Redline. Practical considerations in using accelerometers to assess physical activity, sedentary behavior and sleep. Sleep Health 2015, 1(4):275-284. http://www.sleephealthjournal.org/article/S2352-7218%2815%2900147-3/pdf.

Sorensen G, Nagler EM, Hashimoto D, Dennerlein JT, Theron JV, Stoddard AM, Buxton O, Wallace LM, Kenwood C, Nelson CC, Tamers SL, Grant MP, Wagner G. Implementing an Integrated Health Protection/Health Promotion Intervention in the Hospital Setting: Lessons Learned From the Be Well, Work Well Study. J Occup Environ Med. 2016 Feb;58(2):185-94. doi: 10.1097/JOM.0000000000000592. PMCID: PMC4746007.

Lane JM, Chang AM, Bjonnes AC, Aeschbach D, Anderson C, Cade BE, Cain SW, Czeisler CA, Gharib SA, Gooley JJ, Gottlieb DJ, Grant SF, Klerman EB, Lauderdale DS, Lockley SW, Munch M, Patel S, Punjabi NM, Rajaratnam SM, Rueger M, St Hilaire MA, Santhi N, Scheuermaier K, Van Reen E, Zee PC, Shea SA, Duffy JF, Buxton OM, Redline S, Scheer FA, Saxena R. Impact of Common Diabetes Risk Variant in MTNR1B on Sleep, Circadian, and Melatonin Physiology. Diabetes. 2016 Jun;65(6):1741-51. doi: 10.2337/db15-0999. Epub 2016 Feb 11. PMCID: PMC4878414.

Moen, Phyllis, Erin L. Kelly, Wen Fan, Shi-Rong Lee, David Almeida, Ellen E. Kossek, and Orfeu Buxton. 2016. “Does a Flexibility/Support Organizational Initiative Improve High Tech Employee’s Well-Being? Evidence from the Work, Family and Health Network.” American Sociological Review 81(1)134-64.

Lippold MA, Davis KD, McHale SM, Buxton OM, Almeida DM. Daily Stressor Reactivity During Adolescence: The Buffering Role of Parental Warmth. HealthPsychol. 2016 May 12. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 27175577.

Hurtado DA, Okechukwu CA, Buxton OM, Hammer L, Hanson GC, Moen P, Klein LC, Berkman LF. Effects on cigarette consumption of a work-family supportive organisational intervention: 6-month results from the work, family and health network study. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2016 May 25. pii: jech-2015-206953. doi: 10.1136/jech-2015-206953. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 27225680.

Orfeu M. Buxton, Soomi Lee, Chloe Beverly, Lisa F. Berkman, Phyllis Moen, Erin Kelly, Leslie Hammer, David M. Almeida. Work-Family Conflict and Employee Sleep: Evidence from IT Workers in the Work, Family and Health Study. SLEEP 2016;39(10):1871–1882.

Steve A. Branstetter, William J. Horton, Melissa Mercincavage, Orfeu M. Buxton. Severity of Nicotine Addiction in a representative sample of US adults associated with both short sleep duration and excessive daytime sleepiness mediated by early awakening. Nicotine & Tobacco Research (2016).

Marino M, Killerby M, Lee S, Klein LC, Moen P, Olson R, Kossek E, King R, Erickson L, Berkman LF, Buxton OM. (2016) The Effects of a Cluster Randomized Controlled Workplace Intervention on Sleep and Work-Family Conflict Outcomes in an Extended Care Setting. Sleep Health 2016, 2(4)297-308. http://www.sleephealthjournal.org/article/S2352-7218(16)30082-1/pdf

Lee, S., Almeida, D. M., Berkman, L., Olson, R., Moen, P., & Buxton, O. M. (2016) Age differences in workplace intervention effects on employees’ nighttime and daytime sleep. Sleep Health, 2016 2(4)289-296.

Lee, S., Crain, T. L., McHale, S. M. Berkman, L., Almeida, D. M., & Buxton, O. M. (2016). Daily antecedents and consequences of nightly sleep. Journal of Sleep Research. doi:10.1111/jsr.12488 PMID: 28008673

Miguel Marino, Orfeu M. Buxton, Yi Li. Variable Selection for Multilevel Models with Missing Covariate Data. Stat (Int Stat Inst). 2017;6(1):31-46. doi: 10.1002/sta4.133. PMID:28239457
Phyllis Moen, Erin Kelly, Michael Oakes, Shi-Rong Lee, Dave Almeida, Leslie Hammer, David Hurtado, Orfeu Buxton, Lynne Casper. “Can a Flexibility/Support Initiative Reduce Turnover Intentions and Exits? Results from the Work, Family, and Health Network.” Social Problems, 2017, 64, 53–85 doi: 10.1093/socpro/spw033

Nancy L. Sin, David M. Almeida, Tori L. Crain, Ellen Kossek, Lisa F. Berkman, Orfeu M. Buxton. Bidirectional, temporal associations of sleep with positive events, emotions, and stressful experiences in daily life across a week. Annals of Behavioral Medicine 2017 doi: 10.1007/s12160-016-9864-y. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 28188584.

Christine Swanson, Steven A. Shea, Pamela Wolfe, Sheila Markwardt, Sean W. Cain, Mirjam Munch, Charles A. Czeisler, Orfeu M. Buxton*, Eric S. Orwoll*. 24-Hour Profile of Serum Sclerostin and Its Association with Bone Biomarkers in Men. Osteoporosis International (2017) 
(*: equal senior authorship roles). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00198-017-4162-5

Christine Swanson, Steven A. Shea, Pamela Wolfe, Sean W. Cain, Mirjam Munch, Nina Vujovic, Charles A. Czeisler, Orfeu M. Buxton*, Eric S. Orwoll*. Bone Turnover Markers After Sleep Restriction & Circadian Disruption: A Mechanism for Sleep-Related Bone Loss in Humans. Journal Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism. 2017 (*: equal senior authorship roles).

Orfeu M. Buxton, Milena K. Pavlova, Shawn P. O’Connor, Wei Wang, and John W. Winkelman. Changes in sleep quality over two months predict changes in glucose metabolism in chronic primary insomnia patients. Science and Nature of Sleep. (2017)

Monique K. LeBourgeois, Lauren Hale, Anne-Marie Chang, Lameese D. Akacem, Hawley E. Montgomery-Downs, Orfeu M. Buxton. Digital Media and Sleep in Childhood and Adolescence. Pediatrics (accepted)

Emily Fitzgibbons Shafer, Erin L. Kelly, Orfeu M. Buxton, Lisa F. Berkman. Partners’ overwork and women’s wellbeing. Community, Work, and Family. (accepted)

Chen, Tuo-Yu; Lee, Soomi; Buxton, Orfeu M. Buxton. Insomnia Symptoms Burden and Prescribed Sleep Medication Use Predict Fall Risk in Older Adults. Sleep. Advance access publication. doi: 10.1093/sleep/zsx142

Lee, S., McHale, S. M., Crouter, A. C., Kelly, E. L., Buxton, O. M., & Almeida, D. M. (2017). Perceived time adequacy improves daily well-being: Day-to-day linkages and the effects of a workplace intervention. Community, Work & Family. In press.

Hale, Lauren, Gregory W. Kirschen, Monique K. LeBourgeois, Michael Gradisar, Michelle M. Garrison, Hawley M. Montgomery-Downs, Howard Kirschen, Susan M. McHale, Anne-Marie Chang, Orfeu M. Buxton. Youth screen media habits and sleep:  sleep-friendly screen behavior recommendations for clinicians, educators, and parents.  Forthcoming at Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Clinics.  

Nahmod, N. G., Lee, S., Buxton, O. M., Chang, A-M., & Hale, L. (2017). School start times after 8:30 am predict later wake times and longer time in bed among teens in a national urban cohort study. Sleep Health. (In press)

Nicole Depasquale, Martin John Sliwinski, Steven Howard Zarit, David Manuel Almeida, Orfeu M. Buxton. Family Caregiving Transitions and Sleep Among Double-and-Triple-Duty Caregiving Women: A Longitudinal Study. The Gerontologist. (accepted)

Orfeu M Buxton, Soomi Lee, Miguel Marino, Chloe Beverly, David Almeida, Lisa Berkman. Sleep Health and Predicted Cardiometabolic Risk Scores in Employed Adults from 2 Industries. Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine. (accepted)

Lee, S., Martire, L., Damaske, S. A., Mogle, J. A., Almeida, D. M., Buxton, O. M. Covariation in Couples’ Nightly Sleep and Sex Differences. Sleep Health. (accepted)

Almeida, D. M., Lee, S., Walter, K. N., & Lawson, K. M. & Buxton, O. M. The effect of a workplace intervention on employees’ cortisol awakening response flexibilities. Community, Work & Family. (accepted)

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